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542                     SPECIES OF THE GENUS LMMUR                    CHAI

Ring-tailed Lemur, or the " Madagascar Cat" of sailors. Lemu
macaco shows a remarkable sexual dimorphism, the male bein
black, and the female—formerly described as a distinct specie!
Z. leucomystax—being reddish brown with white whiskers an
ear tufts. This led to a confusion with a totally distinct specie!
L. rufipes, of which the male (regarded as distinct and calle
L. nigerrimus) is entirely black. This latter identification ii
however, considered by Dr. Forsyth MajorI to be not quit
certain at present.

The young Lemur is at least sometimes carried by the mothc
across her belly; its tail passes round her back and then roun
its own neck.

The Lemurs of this genus agree with those of some othe
genera in the loudness of their voice, which is constantl

FIG. 259.—"Ruffed Lemur.     Lemur variiis.     x^.
exercised. Some move about by day and others by night. The;
are insectivorous and carnivorous as well as vegetarian ; and Mi
Lydekker suggests 2 that their abundance and hardiness is to b
traced to this fondness for a mixed diet. EemuT catta seems t
be the only member of the genus that is not arboreal It live
among rocks where but few trees, and those much stunted, occui
Many species of Lemur are always to be seen in the Zoologies
Society's Gardens. Fourteen " species" have at one time o
another been exhibited.
Sub-Fain. 3.  aalagininae.—This sub-family is found on th
continent of Africa as well as in Madagascar;  but the genera ai
1 Proc, Zool. Soe. 1890, p. 554.
2 Royal Natural History, London, 1894, p. 211,